Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur as a complication of diabetes. It’s a progressive disorder that affects the nerves in the body, particularly those in the feet and legs. Over time, high blood sugar levels associated with diabetes can damage nerves and the small blood vessels that nourish them, leading to a variety of symptoms.
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy can vary depending on the nerves affected, but common ones include numbness, tingling, burning or stabbing pain, muscle weakness, and loss of sensation. These symptoms can affect different parts of the body, such as the feet, legs, arms, and hands.
There are four main types of diabetic neuropathy, including peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, proximal neuropathy, and focal neuropathy. Each type affects different nerves in the body and can cause specific symptoms.
It’s important for people with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels carefully to prevent or slow the progression of diabetic neuropathy. Treatment may involve medications to control pain, as well as physical therapy or other interventions to improve mobility and function.